Friday, October 21, 2016

Borden, Indiana

Exploring Indiana's Historic Sites, Markers & Museums - South East Edition
Exploring Indiana's Historic Sites,
Markers & Museums
 South East Edition
Borden, Indiana
County - Clark
Area - Total 1.1 sq mi
Elevation 561 ft
Population (2000) - Total 818
ZIP code 47106
Area code(s) 812

Borden is located on the northwest corner of Clark County on Indiana State Road 60. The town is about thirteen miles west of Sellersburg, Indiana. It is on the CSX Railroad line as it passes from New Albany Indiana to Salem Indiana. It is located in the northwest corner of Clark County.
Rhode Island native John Borden founded the town, which he called New Providence, in 1816. His son, William H. Borden, opened the Borden Institute in Borden in 1884. For more information on the Borden Institute, see the historical marker's text. The town renamed itself unofficial to Borden in honor of William H. Borden, who had been a main benefactor in the area. On December 29, 1994, the town officially changed the name from New Providence to Borden.
Borden, Indiana is located about six miles west of Deam Lake, which is accessed from Indiana State Road 60 via Waggoner Road.
For dining, lodging and other information in Borden, contact:

Borden, Indiana
125 West Street
Mailing address: P.O. Box 125

Borden Valley Days Festival
Deam Lake
Borden Park
Huber Orchard and Winery
Borden Historical Markers
Borden Institute Site

Tuesday, October 18, 2016

A Visit to McCormick’s State Park
A Visit to McCormick’s State Park

McCormick’s Creek State Park is the first state park established in Indiana in 1916. It was one hundred years after Indiana received Statehood. That was also when the first area resident, John McCormick, homesteaded 100 acres on the site. The park includes almost two thousand acres of forest, campground, trails and fun. McCormick's Creek flows through a rugged limestone canyon, cascading over waterfalls and rapids. It flows into the nearby White River that borders the park on the west. Guests may stay in Canyon Inn, one of the seven family cabins or in the campground. Park visitors will enjoy camping, hiking and fishing at McCormick’s Creek State Park. Visitors will learn everything they need to enjoy their visit to family friendly McCormick’s Creek State Park.

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Dearborn Historical Marker - The Price of Freedom

Exploring Indiana's Historic Sites,
Markers & Museums
South East Edition
Dearborn  Historical Marker - The Price of Freedom

 The Price of Freedom Marker image. Click for full size.
By Ginger Drenning, August 23, 2009
1. The Price of Freedom Marker
- - -( Center Section )- - -
( Center - Memorial )

Dedicated in Honor of All men and women who have served in the Armed Forces and Sacrificed Unselfishly for the Freedom of the United States of America

( Left - Memorial )
Serving those who served

( Seals of ::)
American Legion
Disabled American Veterans
Vietnam Veterans of America

( Right - Memorial )
Serving those who served

( Seals of :: )
Veterans of Foreign Wars
AMVETS - American Veterans of World War II
40 / 8

( Starting from the Left of the Entire Memorial )
( First - Memorial )

Apr. 19, 1775 - - - Sept. 3, 1783
4,435 - Lives Lost

+ + + WAR OF 1812 + + +
June 18, 1812 - - - Jan. 8, 1815
2,260 - Lives Lost

+ + + MEXICAN WAR + + +
May 13, 1846 - - - Feb. 2, 1848
13,283 - Lives Lost

+ + + CIVIL WAR + + +
Apr. 12, 1861 - May 26, 1865
620,000 - Lives Lost

( Second - Memorial )

Apr. 25, 1898 - Dec. 10, 1898
2,446 - Lives Lost

+ + + World War I + + +
Apr. 6, 1917
Center Left - - The Price of Freedom Marker image. Click for full size.
By Ginger Drenning, August 23, 2009
2. Center Left - - The Price of Freedom Marker
- Nov. 11, 1918
116,516 - Lives Lost

+ + + World War II + + +
Dec. 7, 1941 - Dec. 31, 1946
405,399 - Lives Lost

+ + + KOREAN WAR + + +
June 25, 1950 - July 27, 1953
54,246 - Lives Lost

( Third - Memorial )
of Mercy

( Fourth - Memorial )
+ + + AIR FORCE + + +
Est. Aug. 1, 1907

Activity in the air began with the use of balloons by the Army for reconnaissance. The first aircraft in action was in 1916 against Pancho Villa in Mexico. On July 26, 1947 the National Security Act created the independent U. S. Air Force.

( Fifth - Memorial )
+ + + MARINES + + +
Est. Nov. 10, 1775

A proud group that fights in the air, on land and sea. They assault enemy held beaches. Securing the position for other forces, and guard our American Embassies. They have fought in all conflicts and proclaim that they are the “First to Fight for Right and Freedom”

( Sixth - Memorial )
+ + + ARMY + + +
Est. June 14, 1775

The first organized defense for the budding United States, and today still defends God, Liberty, and Country. It’s equipped
Center Right - - The Price of Freedom Marker image. Click for full size.
By Ginger Drenning, August 23, 2009
3. Center Right - - The Price of Freedom Marker
with the most modern weapons systems in the World, with troops that can be moved quickly to any global location where our interests are threatened.

( Past Center Section )
( First - Memorial )
+ + + COAST GUARD + + +
Est. Aug. 4, 1790

Formed to guard the coasts against smugglers. They police shorelines and harbors, enforce navigation regulations, and conduct searches from water and air for people lost at sea. They maintain transmitting stations that send navigation signals all over the World.

( Second - Memorial )
+ + + NAVY + + +
Est. Oct. 13, 1775

It controls the waters by defeating attacks in the air and on the sea. It also transports troops, equipment, and supplies. They have pioneered nuclear powered guided missiles. Superior technology makes our navy the most feared in the World.

( Third - Memorial )
Est. 1775

The American colonies’ merchant fleet had the most ships destroyed during the Revolutionary War. Ship numbers increased during the 1800's, WW I and WW II. The cargo they carry aids greatly in defeating the enemy. Ship
Center Section - - The Price of Freedom Marker image. Click for full size.
By Ginger Drenning, August 23, 2009
4. Center Section - - The Price of Freedom Marker
types are dry-cargo and tankers, as well as passenger.

( Fourth - Memorial )
The Supreme

( Fifth - Memorial )
+ + + VIETNAM WAR + + +
Aug. 4, 1964 - Jan. 27, 1973
58,167 - Lives Lost

+ + + GRENADA + + +
Oct. 25, 1983 - Nov. 2, 1983
19 - Lives Lost

+ + + PANAMA + + +
Dec. 20, 1989 - Jan. 31, 1990
23 - Lives Lost

Aug. 7, 1990 - Apr. 1, 1991
390 - Lives Lost

( Sixth - Memorial )
+ + + SOMALIA + + +
Dec. 9, 1992 - Mar. 28, 1994
44 - Lives Lost

( Back of Entire Memorial )
( First Right - Memorial )
The Veterans Memorial Committee
expresses appreciation to the
Dearborn County Government
for their approval and support of
this monument on June 3, 1991


R. Rodney Dennerline, Pres.
Robert A. Hoffmeier
Barrott H. Nanz


James B. Wismann, Pres.
Vera Benning
Larry W. Givan
Kathy S. Klump
Dennis A. Kraus
George (Bo) Lansing
Randall J. Lyness

Louis J. Meyer

William K. Ewan

Jackie Stutz
First Left Memorial - - The Price of Freedom Marker image. Click for full size.
By Ginger Drenning, August 23, 2009
5. First Left Memorial - - The Price of Freedom Marker
Second Right - Memorial )
“ Veteran’s Memorial Committee “
Patricia Fox

Herbert Poole

Melba Earles

Della Holliday

Robert Hedrick
Clarence Batchelor
Ken Hylton
Glynn Clark
Joe Koch
Al Werner
Ronald Woodward
Mike Klump
Paul McKinley
Dorothea McKinley
Donald Earles
Red Childers
Edwin Powell
Carroll E. Ammons
Marcus Holliday
Annie Werner

Erected 1994 by Veteran's Memorial Committee.

Location. 39° 5.482' N, 84° 50.991' W.
Marker is in Lawrenceburg, Indiana, in Dearborn County.
Marker is on Mary Street north of West High Street, on the left when traveling north.
located on the South/East lawn of the Dearborn County Courthouse in Lawrenceburg, Indiana.
Marker is at or near this postal address: 215 West High Street, Lawrenceburg IN 47025, United States of America.

Monday, October 17, 2016

Dearborn County Historical Markers - A Historic Road Less Traveled

Exploring Indiana's Historic Sites,
Markers & Museums
South East Edition
Dearborn County Historical Markers - A Historic Road Less Traveled 

Near Aurora in Ohio County, Indiana — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)

A Historic Road Less Traveled
By Duane Hall, May 21, 2013

Who would think that a country road would hold so much history? Old State Highway 56 takes you past the historic Speakman-Tallentire house and to a famous bridge.

Elderly Stephen S. Speakman was in love with a young Kentucky belle who agreed to marry him if he built her a magnificent house. With the help of slave labor borrowed from his bride's Kentucky home, the elegant Greek Revival-style Speakman-Tallentire house was completed in 1845. It sits on a rise near the Laughery Creek. Although now overgrown, it once had a view of the Creek, and across the Ohio River to Kentucky. Bricks used to build it were made right on the premises. The home is now a private residence, not open to the public, and should be viewed from the roadside.

Travel past the Speakman-Tallentire House and see the three-span, 302 foot "Triple Whipple Bridge," built in 1878 that joins Ohio and Dearborn Counties. It is the only remaining bridge of its type in the country, and is named for the nineteenth century bridge designer Squire Whipple, who designed a special system of supports. The bridge's historic significance earned it a place in the National Register of Historic Places. The bridge is presently closed to vehicular traffic but has been rehabilitated for pedestrian use.

Visitors are encouraged to visit a neighboring Ohio River
Old State Road 56 is behind the marker
Scenic site just to the north of here at Riverview Cemetery.

By the Way: Indiana has more than 6,000 bridges, many of them considered historic treasures.

Location. 39° 1.267' N, 84° 53.02' W.
Marker is near Aurora, Indiana, in Ohio County.
Marker is at the intersection of Hartford Pike and Old State Road 56, on the right when traveling north on Hartford Pike. Click for map.
Marker is in this post office area: Aurora IN 47001, United States of America.

Brief History by the Author
Stephen S. Speakman (October 28, 1804 - October 18, 1848)
The son of Micajah Speakman Jr. and Phebe Speakman, Stephen is a native of Concord, Pennsylvania. He married Mary Speakman, with whom he had four children. Mary passed away and he married Sarah Bush on December 14, 1843. Speakman is buried in Riverview Cemetery.

Triple Whipple Bridge
Built by the Wrought Iron Bridge Company of Canton, Ohio in 1878, the bridge is the last of its kind remaining in the United States. The 297 foot long, bridge spans Laughery Creek. The bridge is closed to traffic, but after 2008 rehabilitation, the bridge was opened to pedestrian traffic. The National Register of Historic Places listed it on September 29, 1976.

Approximate latitude, longitude
+39.02461, -84.88586   (decimal degrees)
39°01'29" N, 84°53'09" W   (degrees°minutes'seconds")
Approximate UTM coordinates
16/683012/4321634 (zone/easting/northing) ID BH 16011

Friday, October 14, 2016

Dearborn County Historical Markers - The Spirits of Lawrenceburg

Dearborn County Historical Markers - The Spirits of Lawrenceburg

Exploring Indiana's Historic Sites,
Markers & Museums
South East Edition
The Spirits of Lawrenceburg

By Duane Hall, May 21, 2013

Army Captain Samuel Colville Vance was a surveyor for the United States government living in Cincinnati, Ohio. In 1802, he purchased all the land comprising the original town of "Lawrenceburg." At that time, the land was part of Hamilton County, Ohio. Soon, settlers made their homes near the Ohio River and surrounding creeks. Like many Ohio River towns, Lawrenceburg's economy centered on the Ohio River, and the shipping and related industries it enabled. However, some unusual industries thrived. In the 1800s, cigars were made here, and were considered some of the finest in the world. Lawrenceburg had buggy manufacturers as well. An early automobile, the James Model A Roadster was produced here in 1909.

Distilleries were found in the Lawrenceburg area as early as 1809. By the end of 1855, Lawrenceburg was home to Hobbs Distillery, John H. Gaff & Son, N.J. Walsh Distillery, Nicholas Oester, Frederick Rodenburg & Co. and John B. Garnier Brewery. Purchased in 1933 from the Rossville Distillery Company, the Seagram's plant is a reminder of the distillery days of old Lawrenceburg.

Visitors can see Captain Vance's spectacular West High Street home which he built in 1818. Known as the Vance-Tousey House, it is considered one of Indiana's finest examples of Federal architecture, and is listed in the National Register of Historic
At the southwest corner of Lawrenceburg Newtown Park
Places. It is now the home of The Dearborn County Historical Society and open to the public.
By the Way: Captain Vance named the town Lawrenceburgh after his wife's maiden name, Lawrence.

Location. 39° 5.709' N, 84° 51.472' W.
Marker is in Lawrenceburg, Indiana, in Dearborn County.
Marker is at the intersection of 2nd Street and Main Street, on the right when traveling west on 2nd Street.
Marker is located in Lawrenceburg Newtown Park fronting 2nd Street.
Marker is in this post office area: Lawrenceburg IN 47025, United States of America.

Brief History by the Author
Samuel Colville Vance
See Lawrenceburg history

James Model A Roadster
The J. & M. Motor Car Company operated in Lawrenceburg from 1909 until 1911. The company only produced a few of these automobiles during its short lifetime.

Hobbs Distillery
Established during the economic boom that followed the construction of the Whitewater Canal in 1837, a fire destroyed the distillery in 1839. Rebuilt by Hobbs and Craft, fire again ravaged the building in 1850. The distillery ceased operations after the second fire.

John H. Gaff & Son
Businessman John H. Gaff and his brother Thomas built their distillery, the T & J.W. Gaff & Company Distillery, in Lawrenceburg into a nationwide business. For more on the distillery, see Hillforest Mansion. The distillery began operation in 1843 as the T & J.W. Gaff & Company Distillery on the bank of Hogan Creek in Aurora. The distillery merged with the Fleischmann distilleries.
John H. Gaff (September 30, 1820 - February 26, 1879)
The son of James and Margaret Wilson Gaff, Thomas was native to Springfield, New Jersey. After completing his common school education, he apprenticed to a jeweler, Mr. Ackerson in New York City. Tiring of the jeweler’s trade, he migrated to Mexico, settling in Mexico City until 1845, when he came to Aurora to join his brother Thomas in the distillery business. During this time in Aurora, he served as mayor for two terms. Sometime in 1851, he moved to Newburgh, New York to marry Margaret G. Lendrum. The couple would have five children. Gaff returned to Aurora in 1864 to continue with the distillery, where he remained until his death in 1879.

Rossville Distillery
Founded in 1847, the Cincinnati based James Walsh & Company acquired it in 1875. The James Walsh & Company operated the distillery in Lawrenceburg until 1932, when a fire destroyed much of the plant. In 1902, the plant has a daily mashing capacity of 5,000 bushels of grain, storage space for 60,000 barrel in its warehouses.  Facilities included four steel grain elevators holding 200,000 bushels, and two slop dryers that held 5,000 bushels of feed. The Joseph E Seagram and Sons Company acquired the site in 1933. Pernod Ricard purchased the plant in 2001 and has continued operations.

 John B. Garnier Brewery
 Founded by John B. Garnier, the John B. Garnier Brewery operated from 1857 until 1866.
 John B. Garnier (August 15 1820 - March 7, 1897)
A native of France, Garnier migrated to the United States in 1845. He came to Lawrenceburg on June 17, 1847, where he opened a malt house. He married Mary E. Dafner, with whom he would have three children. The success of the malt house led to his opening a brewery in 1857. His beer became popular in the Dearborn County area. He would continue brewing beer after the brewery closed until his death in 1897.

Thursday, October 13, 2016

Indiana Historical Marker - Canal Junction

Exploring Indiana's Historic Sites,
Markers & Museums
South East Edition
Title of Marker:
Canal Junction
NW corner of Whitewater River bridge at Campbell & State Streets across railroad tracks, south side of West Harrison. (Dearborn County, Indiana)
Installed by:
1999 Indiana Historical Bureau, Canal Society of Indiana, and Dearborn County Historical Society.
Marker ID #:
Marker Text: 
Side one:
The Whitewater Canal and the Cincinnati and Whitewater Canal joined in Harrison to provide better access to Cincinnati markets and Ohio River. Indiana Internal Improvement Act 1836 authorized Whitewater Canal; completed from Brookville to Lawrenceburg 1839. Nearby Dam No. 1 on Whitewater River created a pool for canal boats to cross the river.
Side two:
Cincinnati and Whitewater Canal incorporated by Ohio General Assembly 1837. Completed seven miles from Harrison (now West Harrison), Indiana to Dry Fork Creek, Ohio 1840. Twenty-five mile canal opened 1843 when 1, 782 foot tunnel completed at Cleves, Ohio. Traffic diverted to Cincinnati on this interstate transportation link diminished Lawrenceburg's importance as a market.

Brief History by the Author
Canals reigned supreme during the early part of the Nineteenth Century before the advent of the railroads. They provided a cheap, fast means of transporting goods overland. They had grave disadvantages, though. They were expensive to build and maintain. It was only possible to construct them in favorable terrain. Indiana and Ohio both embarked on canal building programs and managed to link their systems here, at the junction of the Cincinnati and Whitewater Canal and the Whitewater Canal.
Whitewater Canal 
The Whitewater Canal's construction lasted from 1836 to 1847. During this time, there were many starts and pauses as the State of Indiana ran out of money and the various private companies charged with completing also ran into financial difficulties. After completion, it connected Hagerstown, Indiana with Cincinnati, Ohio seventy-six miles to the south. The canal provided a quick, convenient way for farmers to transport their goods to market in the cities. Before the canal a farmer would need several days travel over deeply rutted roads to take his goods to Cincinnati. The canal proved a difficult construction project. It dropped 491 feet over the distance and needed fifty-six locks and seven dams. Several aqueducts to carry the canal over waterways also needed construction. The canal operated until 1862. The Whitewater Valley Railroad runs a part of the canal as a tourist attraction between Connersville and Metamora Indiana. The train runs alongside the canal and at Metamora visitors can ride a canal boat. The town of Metamora has many small shops and museums. The State of Indiana maintains an operating gristmill in the town.
For more information contact:
Whitewater Valley Railroad
455 Market St,
Connersville, IN 47331
(765) 825-2054

Cincinnati and Whitewater Canal 
When Indiana proposed building the Whitewater Canal, Cincinnati merchants persuaded a consortium of private investors and the State of Ohio to fund a spur to connect with it. This fourteen miles spur was constructed between 1839 and 1843. It included a canal tunnel, one of the few constructed in the United States. The canal was eventually abandoned and has silted up over the years from flooding and disuse. The Indianapolis and Cincinnati Railroad purchased the canal in 1862 and used the canal towpath for a rail line. The tunnel, used for a time as a railroad tunnel, still exists and is on the National Register of Historic Places. President William Henry Harrison owned part of the land the canal needed and donated some land towards it. He is buried on a ridge over the tunnel. The Ohio Historical Society has a historical marker near its northern portal.

Wednesday, October 12, 2016

Dearborn Historical Marker — Guilford Covered Bridge

Guilford Covered Bridge
Guilford Covered Bridge 

August 22, 2015
Inscription. Built 1879 
Original Design by Archibald M. Kennedy and Sons
Additional Structural Supports added in the early 1900s to sustain heavier loads produced by Guilford's rail commerce
Moved from Yorkridge Rd to park in 1960
Damaged by fire in 1993
Restored in 1997 by LL Brown Co. and the Amos Schwartz Co
For the Dearborn County Park and Recreation Board
And the Dearborn County Commissioners
Location. 39° 10.215' N, 84° 54.508' W. 
Marker is in Guilford, Indiana, in Dearborn County. 
Marker can be reached from Main Street. 
Marker is inside the bridge on the right side as you pass under the bridge from the road.
The Bridge is located in the Guilford Covered Bridge Park. 
Marker is at or near this postal address: 
4785 Main Street, Guilford IN 47022, United States of America. 

Brief History by the Author
Guilford Covered Bridge
Guilford has the last remaining covered bridge in Dearborn County, constructed by noted bridge builder Archibald M. Kennedy & Sons of Rushville. Mr. Kennedy was hired by the County Commissioners in 1879 to construct the 101 foot long bridge spanning East Fork Tanners Creek. Because the bridge was to be torn down and replaced by a concrete bridge in 1961 the people of the county banded together to save the old structure. The populace of Guilford raised the funds needed to tear it down and move it to its current location, in the Guilford Covered Bridge Park, at the intersection of Indiana State Road 1 and York Ridge Road. An arsonist damaged the bridge in 1993, locals restored the bridge in 1997.  Visitors to the park drive through the bridge as they enter the park.
Archibald Kennedy (August 25, 1818  - June 3, 1897)
A native of Guilford County, North Carolina, he was the son of E. L. Kennedy and Martha Kennedy. The family moved to Fayette County, Indiana in 1818. He started working as a carpenter in 1841 and started building covered bridges as a side business in 1853. his first bridge was a two span bridge over the east fork of the Whitewater River in Franklin County. Archibald showed prowess as a bridgebuilder and this soon became his chief occupation. He passed the bridge building buisness on to his sons who in turn passed it on to their sons. The family bridge buildinig business lasted three generations and during that time they built at least fifty-eight bridges. 

Approximate latitude, longitude
+39.17017, -84.90867   (decimal degrees)
39°10'13" N, 84°54'31" W   (degrees°minutes'seconds")
Approximate UTM coordinates
16/680665/4337743 (zone/easting/northing)