|A Year of Colonial American Frontier History|
The first known Europeans explorers to reach Monterey Bay arrived with Sebastian Vizcaíno's expedition in 1602. His three ships, San Diego and Santo Tomás, and Tres Reyes entered the bay, which he named after the man that had sent the expedition out, Mexican viceroy Don Gaspár de Zúñiga y Acevedo, Count of Monte Rey.
The men were sick with scurvy. Sixteen of their number had died. They erected a tent under an oak tree near a spring on December 17 where the priest, Father Andrés de la Asunción said mass. Vizcaíno sent the San Tomás back to Acapulco with the many of the sick on December 29. He also sent a report of his progress thus far. The party remained in the area until January 3, 1603, when they headed north. The expedition managed to get as far north as present day Cape Blanco when adverse winds forced Vizcaino to turn back south on January 21. The ships returned to Acapulco on March 21, 1603.
A Year of Colonial American Frontier History
© Paul Wonning 2016