Wednesday, August 3, 2016

This Dayin Indiana History - August 03, 1795 - Treaty of Greenville Concluded

August 03, 1795 - Treaty of Greenville Concluded
General Anthony Wayne defeated a consortium of Amerindian tribes at the Battle of Fallen Timbers. The Greenville Treaty signed a year later established new boundaries between the Amerindian tribes and the encroaching whites.
Greenville Treaty 
The consortium of tribes, known as the Western Confederacy, signed the Greenville Treaty at Fort Greenville on August 3, 1795. This consortium consisted of the Wyandot, Delaware, Shawnee, Ottawa, Miami, Eel River, Wea, Chippewa, Potawatomi, Kickapoo, Piankashaw, and Kaskaskia  tribes. General Anthony Wayne represented the United States Government and signed the treaty. The signing ended hostilities for a time and established a new boundary between the whites and the natives. The line extended south from the mouth of the Cuyahoga River as it emptied into Lake Erie. It followed the River south to a portage point between it and the Tuscarawas River. From that point, it followed the Tuscarawas to Fort Laurens. At Fort Laurens, it ran southwest to Fort Loramie on the Great Miami River. From Fort Loramie it ran northwest to Fort Recovery, near the headwaters of the Wabash River and the boundary of current states of Ohio and Indiana. From Fort Recovery, it ran to the Ohio River to a point on the north bank of the river across from Carrolton, Kentucky. This portion of the Greenville Treaty line forms the current boundary of Dearborn and Ohio Counties in Indiana.
Treaty Terms
They ceded all the land to the south and east of the line. According to the treaty, the natives could still hunt on the lands they ceded. The United States agreed to relinquish their claims to land north and west of the line. The tribes did allow the whites to establish trading posts in their territory. The United States government paid the tribes with and initial payment of $20,000 of goods and would pay them $9500 of goods every year. General Wayne expressed the desire that the treaty would last “as long as the woods grow and the waters run.”
Many of the tribes did not honor the agreement and many whites continued to encroach. The peace would not last long.
This article excerpted from the author’s book:
Exploring Indiana's Historic Sites, Markers & Museums - South East Edition


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