Monday, July 7, 2014

Madison, Indiana

Madison, Indiana
County - Jefferson
- Total 8.9 sq mi (23.0 km2)
- Land 8.6 sq mi (22.2 km2)
- Water 0.3 sq mi (0.9 km2) 3.72%
Elevation 489 ft (149 m)
Population (2000)
- Total 12,004
- Density 1,402.9/sq mi (541.4/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
ZIP code 47250
Area code(s) 812

The first settlers began populating the site now known as Madison, Indiana around 1806. The town was incorporated in 1809, seven years before Indiana became a state. It's location along the Ohio River caused it to become an important town in the early state's history. In 1836 the Madison & Indianapolis Railroad was completed, connecting the growing city with the new state capital. The state's first major highway was the Michigan Road, commissioned in 1828. Construction began that year and the road was completed in 1834. The Michigan Road, later to become State Road 29, ran from Madison, Indiana to Michigan City on Lake Michigan in the north. It ran through Indianapolis. So by the 1840's, Madison was connected to the northern part of the state by road and rail.

Over half of the pioneers settling Indiana passed along this road, and this influx of traffic allowed Madison, Indiana to grow. Competing rail lines caused the railroad to fail, and other routes opened up, causing Madison, Indiana to fall in importance while other cities grew. The population maintained itself from the Civil War until the late 1900's. A program of downtown renewal has resulted in the creation of a vibrant small city along the banks of the Ohio River. The historic downtown has been revitalized, a river walk built along the river and there are exciting events all year, making Madison, Indiana a picturesque and inviting town to visit.

Highways Indiana State Road 7
US Route 421
Indiana State Road 56
Indiana State Road 62
Clifty Falls State Park
Back to Jefferson County
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