|A Year of Indiana History - 2016|
Treaty of Grouseland
Indiana Territory Governor William Henry Harrison negotiated a treaty with the Amerindian tribes to compensate them for land lost due to white encroachment along the Ohio River. The tribes involved included the Miami, Wea (Piankeshaw, Kickapoo) Pottawatomie and Shawnee Lenape tribes. Article 3 of the treaty outlined the scope of compensation the United States Government would pay the various tribes:
"In consideration of the cession made in the preceding article, the United States will give an additional permanent annuity to said Miamis, Eel River, and Wea tribes, in the following proportions, viz: to the Miamis, six hundred dollars; to the Eel River tribe, two hundred and fifty dollars; to the Weas, two hundred and fifty dollars; and also to the Putawatemies, an additional annuity of five hundred dollars, for ten years, and no longer; which, together with the sum of four thousand dollars which is now delivered, the receipt whereof they do hereby acknowledge, is to be considered as a full compensation for the land now ceded."
The treaty line ran from the northeast corner of the Vincennes Tract to a point on the western boundary of the Greenville Treaty Line, just inside the current State of Indiana. After the tribes signed the treaty, settlement occurred at Madison and several other communities along the Ohio River.
A Year of Indiana History - 2016
© Paul Wonning