|A Year of Indiana History - 2016|
The Seven Years War, or French and Indian War as it was known in North America, ended years of bloodshed between the combatants. It had not been kind to the French, who lost colonial possessions all over the world to the English and the Spanish.
French and Indian War
The French and Indian War was the North American version of a much larger conflict between France and England. This war in Europe is called the Seven Years War. This war raged from 1756 through 1763. The war set the stage for many of the events that led to the American Revolution twelve years later. The French controlled Canada and had designs on the area that is now the Midwestern United States. They had already established trading posts at Vincennes, Cahokia, St. Louis and other places.
The British had captured Montreal, Quebec and Fort Niagara in Canada. By the time Montreal fell in September 1760, the British held all the pieces. All combat between the two powers ended in 1760, however the struggle continued in Europe. At length, France conceded defeat and on February 10, 1763 signed the Treaty of Paris. The treaty's terms required the French to cede all of its lands north of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi River to the English. Thus, the land that would become Indiana transferred from French hands to English ones.
A Year of Indiana History - 2016
© Paul Wonning