Indiana, the Hoosier State, is a wonderful place to live and visit. The population of 6,080,485 ranks it fourteenth in the nation in size. The largest city is the capitol city of Indianapolis, with a population of 781,870. The city is located at 39.776 North lattitude, longetude 86.146 West. The nine largest cities after Indianapolis in order of population are as follows.
Fort Wayne - Population: 205727
Evansville - Population: 121582
South Bend - Population: 107789
Gary - Population: 102746
Hammond - Population: 83048
Bloomington - Population: 69291
Muncie - Population: 67430
Anderson - Population: 59734
Terre Haute - Population: 59614
There are 92 counties spread over the 36,420 square miles, ranking it thirty-eighth in size. It has 550 square miles of wate4r, 35870 square miles of land area. It has 235 square miles of Lake Michigan within its borders.
The Hoosier state is bounded by Michigan and Lake Michigan in the north, Illinois on the west, Kentucky on the south and Ohio in the east. The Wabash river forms the lower 200 miles of boundary between Illinois, until it empties into the Ohio River on the southwest corner of the state. Indiana, at its most extreme length, is 280 miles and 180 miles in width. The highest point in the state is near Richmond, close to the Ohio border in the central area of the state. The elevation of this point, called Hoosier Hill, is 1,257 feet above sea level.
The capitol was moved to Indianapolis in 1825. Indiana was the nineteenth state admitted to the Union, on December 11, 1860. The first capitol was Corydon, located in the southwest portion of the state along the Ohio River.
The economy of the state is varied. Indiana is an important agricultural state, with corn, soybean, hogs, cattle, dairy and eggs being the most prevalent products. Industry consists of steel production, electric and transportation equipment, chemical, petroleum and coal products and machinery. The auto industry is also very important to the state.
The Indiana State Flower is the peony, the Indiana State Bird is the Nothern Cardinal and the state tree is the tulip poplar. The state song is "On The Banks Of The Wabash", written and composed by Paul Dresser. The Indiana State Flag is blue with a gold torch surrounded by gold stars.
The name "Indiana" means "Land of the Indians". It was the principal home of many of the Eastern Indian tribes during the early nation period of the United States.
The topography of Indiana is varied. Prime farmland is found in the north, which is very flat due to heavy glaciation during the last Ice Age. The central portion is rolling plains, also an important agricultural area. The southern portion of Indiana was not glaciated. It is very hilly in parts, the Knobs of south central Indiana forming some very pretty terrain. There are numerous caves and sink holes in this portion of the state also.
Indiana, the Hoosier State, has a nice combination of agricultural, industrial, and tourism in its economy. You will find an interesting combination of large cities and comfortable small towns. The southern portion, especially, is scenic and pretty. Indiana has a lot to offer visitors of all stripes.
Indiana State Highways
Indiana State Parks
Indiana State Forests
Indiana Fish and Wildlife Areas
Underground Railroad - Indiana